Shari’a Scripts: A Historical Anthropology

Shari’a Scripts: A Historical Anthropology
Wednesday, December 5, 2018
4:15 PM  6:00 PM

Heyman Center for Humanities
2nd Floor Common Room
74 Morningside Drive
New York City, NY 10027

Celebrating new books in the Arts & Sciences at Columbia University, the Heyman Center for the Humanities will host a roundtable discussion on Professor Messick’s book, Shari’a Scripts: A Historical Anthropology.

Speakers:
Brinkley Messick, Columbia University
Intisar Rabb, Harvard Law School
Gil Anidjar, Columbia University
Mashal Saif, Clemson University
Guy Burak, New York University
Islam Dayeh, Freie Universitat Berlin
Mahmood Mamdani, Columbia University

A case study in the textual architecture of the venerable legal and ethical tradition at the center of the Islamic experience, Sharīʿa Scripts is a work of historical anthropology focused on Yemen in the early twentieth century. There—while colonial regimes, late Ottoman reformers, and early nationalists wrought decisive changes to the legal status of the sharīʿa, significantly narrowing its sphere of relevance—the Zaydī school of jurisprudence, rooted in highland Yemen for a millennium, still held sway.

Brinkley Messick uses the richly varied writings of the Yemeni past to offer a uniquely comprehensive view of the sharīʿa as a localized and lived phenomenon. Sharīʿa Scripts reads a wide spectrum of sources in search of a new historical-anthropological perspective on Islamic textual relations. Messick analyzes the sharīʿa as a local system of texts, distinguishing between theoretical or doctrinal juridical texts (or the “library”) and those produced by the sharīʿa courts and notarial writers (termed the “archive”). Attending to textual form, he closely examines representative books of madrasa instruction; formal opinion-giving by muftis and imams; the structure of court judgments; and the drafting of contracts. Messick’s intensive readings of texts are supplemented by retrospective ethnography and oral history based on extensive field research. Further, the book ventures a major methodological contribution by confronting anthropology’s longstanding reliance upon the observational and the colloquial. Presenting a new understanding of Islamic legal history, Sharīʿa Scripts is a groundbreaking examination of the interpretative range and historical insights offered by the anthropologist as reader.

Cosponsored by:
Ifriqiyya Colloquium
The Department of Middle Eastern, South Asian, and African Studies
The Society of Fellows and Heyman Center for the Humanities
Office of the Divisional Deans in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy
Department of Anthropology
Center for the Study of Muslim Societies

Shari’a Workshop: Leor Halevi

Shari’a Workshop
Thursday, November 29, 2018, 4:10-6:00PM
207 Knox Hall
606 W 122nd Street
New York, NY 10027

Join us for the next session of the Sharīʿa Workshop:

Leor Halevi (Vanderbilt) presents his paper, "Spirits of Islamic Law in the British Empire: Impurity, Modernity, and Alcohol in interwar Bombay and Cairo." Please arrive having read the paper and prepared to discuss. 

Comments by Aseel Najib (Columbia) and Ibrahim El Houdaiby (Columbia).

Imagining & Narrating Plague in the Ottoman World

Imagining & Narrating Plague in the Ottoman World
A conversation with Orhan Pamuk and Nükhet Varlık

Monday, November 12, 2018, 6:30PM
Joseph D. Jamail Lecture Hall, Pulitzer Hall, Columbia Graduate School of Journalism
2950 Broadway, New York, NY 10027

This event is sponsored by The Sakıp Sabancı Center for Turkish Studies, The Columbia University School of the Arts, The Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy, and The Department of History.

“Nobel Prize-winning novelist Orhan Pamuk and award-winning plague historian Nükhet Varlık will have a conversation with historian A. Tunç Şen about how a novelist and a historian can imagine and recount past plagues. Pamuk and Varlık will share insights drawn from Ottoman plague episodes and discuss the challenges of relating these experiences in historical and fictional writing.

Orhan Pamuk is currently finishing his latest novel, Veba Geceleri, set on a plague-infested Ottoman island at the turn of the twentieth century. He is the Robert Yik-Fon Tam Professor of the Humanities at Columbia University's School of the Arts.

Nükhet Varlık is the author of multiple award-winning Plague and Empire in the Early Modern Mediterranean World: The Ottoman Experience, 1347-1600. She is an Associate Professor of History at Rutgers University-Newark.

A. Tunç Şen is a historian of the Ottoman Empire and an Assistant Professor of History at Columbia University.

Join us for a discussion and Q&A with the writers.

The Second-Hand Binding: Gallery talk by Matthew Gilman

“The Second-Hand Binding” 
Gallery talk by guest curator and CU graduate student Matthew Gilman
October 23, 2018, 6pm-9pm
Butler Library, Room 523

Reproduction technologies, from chromolithography to digitization, have long been heralded as boon as to scholarship in the arts of the book. Nevertheless, bookbinding, especially that from the Muslim world, has remained at the fringes of the field. This talk examines the historical circumstances (such early modern libraries, second-hand book markets, and Orientalist scholarship) which create difficulties for the study of the art. They also, however, will offer an opportunity to reconsider the nature of manuscript culture at large. 

Lecture in conjunction with the exhibition "In the School of Wisdom: Persian Bookbinding, ca. 1575-1890." Talk will be held in Butler 523, followed by a reception for the exhibition in the Kempner Gallery, Rare Book & Manuscript Library (Butler Library, 6th Floor, East). This event is co-sponsored by the Center for the Study of Muslim Societies.  

"In the School of Wisdom: Persian Bookbinding, ca. 1575-1890."   
Exhibit open 10/22/18–3/1/19
Chang Octagon Room, Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Butler Library, 6th Floor, East. 
Free, handicapped accessible, and open to the general public.
Exhibit hours are the same as the RBML service hours.

You must have photo ID to enter the building. Please see Directions for more information.   

Celebrating Recent Work by Wael Hallaq

Celebrating Recent Work by Wael Hallaq
Wednesday, October 17, 2018  6:15PM
The Heyman Center, Second Floor Common Room

Restating Orientalism: A Critique of Modern Knowledge, by Wael Hallaq
Since Edward Said’s foundational work, Orientalism has been singled out for critique as the quintessential example of Western intellectuals’ collaboration with oppression. Controversies over the imbrications of knowledge and power and the complicity of Orientalism in the larger project of colonialism have been waged among generations of scholars. But has Orientalism come to stand in for all of the sins of European modernity, at the cost of neglecting the complicity of the rest of the academic disciplines?

In this landmark theoretical investigation, Wael B. Hallaq reevaluates and deepens the critique of Orientalism in order to deploy it for rethinking the foundations of the modern project. Refusing to isolate or scapegoat Orientalism, Restating Orientalism extends the critique to other fields, from law, philosophy, and scientific inquiry to core ideas of academic thought such as sovereignty and the self. Hallaq traces their involvement in colonialism, mass annihilation, and systematic destruction of the natural world, interrogating and historicizing the set of causes that permitted modernity to wed knowledge to power. Restating Orientalism offers a bold rethinking of the theory of the author, the concept of sovereignty, and the place of the secular Western self in the modern project, reopening the problem of power and knowledge to an ethical critique and ultimately theorizing an exit from modernity’s predicaments. A remarkably ambitious attempt to overturn the foundations of a wide range of academic disciplines while also drawing on the best they have to offer, Restating Orientalism exposes the depth of academia’s lethal complicity in modern forms of capitalism, colonialism, and hegemonic power.

Author: Wael Hallaq, Avalon Foundation Professor in the Humanities, MESAAS, Columbia University
Speakers: Mamadou Diouf, Leitner Family Professor of African Studies and History, Columbia University; Rashid Khalidi, Edward Said Professor of Modern Arab Studies, Columbia University; Sudipta Kaviraj, Professor, Indian Politics and Intellectual History, Columbia University

Divine Words, Female Voices: Conversation and Book Launch with Dr. Jerusha Tanner Rhodes

Divine Words, Female Voices: Conversation and Book Launch with Dr. Jerusha Tanner Rhodes
September 26, 2018, 6:00 – 8:00PM
Union Theological Seminary, Social Hall

The relationship between Islam and feminism is complex. There are many Muslim scholars who fervently promote women’s equality. At the same time, there is ambivalence regarding the general norms, terminology, and approaches of feminism and feminist theology. This ambivalence is in large part a product of various hegemonic, androcentric, and patriarchal discourses that seek to dictate legitimate and authoritative interpretations. These discourses not only fuel ambivalence, they also effectively obscure valuable possibilities related to interreligious feminist engagement.

In this lecture, Dr. Rhodes will discuss her new book – Divine Words, Female Voices: Muslims Explorations in Comparative Feminist Theology (Oxford University Press, 2018) – which argues that interreligious feminist engagement is both a theologically valid endeavor and a vital resource for Muslim women scholars. She will discuss how comparative feminist theology leads to new, constructive Muslima and Islamic feminist positions on topics including revelation, scripture, feminist exemplars, theological anthropology, and ritual practice. 

Books will be available for purchase. ($40, Cash only)
Light refreshments will be served.

Jerusha T. Rhodes is Assistant Professor of Islam and Ministry at Union Theological Seminary in the City of New York. Her research focuses on theologies of religious pluralism, comparative theology, and Muslima theology. She also serves at the Director of Union’s Islam, Social Justice, and Interreligious Engagement Program.

Open to Reason: Souleymane Bachir Diagne in conversation with Katherine Ewing, Nabeel Hamid, and Christia Mercer

Open to Reason: Muslim Philosophers in Conversation with the Western Tradition
Souleymane Bachir Diagne, in conversation with Katherine Ewing, Nabeel Hamid, and Christia Mercer
Thursday, September 20, 2018  6:00pm
Maison Française

What does it mean to be a Muslim philosopher, or to philosophize in Islam? In Open to Reason, Souleymane Bachir Diagne traces Muslims’ intellectual and spiritual history of examining and questioning beliefs and arguments to show how Islamic philosophy has always engaged critically with texts and ideas both inside and outside its tradition. Through a rich reading of classical and modern Muslim philosophers, Diagne explains the long history of philosophy in the Islamic world and its relevance to crucial issues of our own time.

From classical figures such as Avicenna to the twentieth-century Sufi master and teacher of tolerance Tierno Bokar Salif Tall, Diagne explores how Islamic thinkers have asked and answered such questions as, Does religion need philosophy? How can religion coexist with rationalism? What does it mean to interpret a religious narrative philosophically? What does it mean to be human and what are human beings’ responsibilities to nature? Is there such a thing as an “Islamic” state, or should Muslims reinvent political institutions that suit their own times? Diagne shows that philosophizing in Islam in its many forms throughout the centuries has meant a commitment to forward and open thinking. A remarkable history of philosophy in the Islamic world as well as a work of philosophy in its own right, this book seeks to contribute to the revival of a spirit of pluralism rooted in Muslim intellectual and spiritual traditions.

Author: Souleymane Bachir Diagne, Professor of French, Columbia University
Speakers: Katherine Ewing, Professor of Religion, Columbia University; Nabeel Hamid, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania; Christia Mercer, Gustave M. Berne Professor of Philosophy, Columbia University

Sharia Workshop: Imperialist Feminism and Islamic Law

Lena Salaymeh
Associate Professor at the Buchmann Faculty of Law, Tel Aviv University, and currently a Visiting Fellow at the Shelby Cullom Davis Center, Princeton University. Her research concerns Islamic and Jewish jurisprudence in both historical and contemporary legal systems.

We will discuss Dr. Salaymeh’s recirculated paper. To receive a copy please email amb49@columbia.edu

Monday, September 17, 2018
4:00 PM - 6:00 PM
208 Knox Hall

Professor Ehsan Yarshater (1920-2018)

Joint announcement by the Ehsan Yarshater Center for Iranian Studies, Columbia University; the Persian Heritage Foundation; and the Encyclopaedia Iranica Foundation:

It is with profound sadness that we announce the passing of Professor Ehsan Yarshater on September 2, 2018 in Fresno, California.

Endowed with a rare combination of a bold and broad scholarly vision, immense erudition, and unfailing determination, Professor Ehsan Yarshater transformed Iranian studies, creating an enduring legacy at Columbia University which advanced the scholarship and understanding of the histories, cultures and accomplishments of Iranian peoples.

Read More

Foundation to Islamic Studies and Muslim Societies

Register for Foundation to Islamic Studies and Muslim Societies.

 

Islamic Culture Studies GR5000
Kathryn Spellman Poots
Tues 10:10am-12:00pm
Knox 207

 

This seminar provides students with an introduction to key concepts, theories and debates in Islamic Studies, broadly conceived. Required for students in the Islamic Studies Master of Arts program, this course is also suitable for graduate students in other departments who study the Middle East, South Asia and Africa or are interested in Islam. With weekly guest visits by faculty, Foundation offers students a unique opportunity to learn directly from scholars from across disciplines and schools at Columbia. Qualified undergraduates may register with permission of Kathryn Spellman. 

Kathryn Spellman is Visiting Associate Professor at the Middle East Institute and the Academic Program Director of the Islamic Studies Master of Arts (ISMA) program at Columbia. She is Associate Professor at the Institute for the Study of Muslim Societies at the Aga Khan University. 

What we CAN do when there's nothing to be done

On September 28, 2018, the Center for the Study of Social Difference is proud to present our anniversary symposium celebrating 10 years of CSSD and five years of Women Creating Change:

WHAT WE CAN DO WHEN THERE'S NOTHING TO BE DONE
Strategies for Change

This event features CSMS faculty member Lila ABU-LUGHOD and Ayse Gül ALTINAY, Sama ALSHAIBI, Carol BECKER, Farah Jasmine GRIFFIN, Judith BUTLER, María José CONTRERAS, Ricardo DOMINGUEZ, Masha GESSEN, Rema HAMAMI, Bernard HARCOURT, Saidiya HARTMAN, Marianne HIRSCH, Jean HOWARD, Mae NGAI, Juan Carlos RUIZ, Debarati SANYAL, Lyndsey STONEBRIDGE, Diana TAYLOR, Keeanga-Yamahtta TAYLOR, Jeanine TESORI

Open to the public, please register.
Registration will reopen on Sep 5th at noon.

The Forum at Columbia University, 605 West 125th St, New York, NY 10027

Upcoming: In the School of Wisdom: Persian Bookbinding, ca. 1575-1890

In the School of Wisdom: Persian Bookbinding, ca. 1575-1890

Monday, October 22, 2018 - Friday, March 1, 2019 (all day)
Butler Library, 535 W. 114 St., New York, NY 10027
Room/Area: Rare Book & Manuscript Library (6th Floor East) - Chang Octagon Exhibition Room

Following the introduction of lacquer-painting in the 15th century, bookbindings became a rejuvenated site for creative expression in Iran. ‘In the School of Wisdom’ presents over thirty examples, representing the diversity of the art as it developed from the late Safavid to Qajar eras and contextualizing it within a changing landscape of libraries and book culture.

Event Contact Information:
Jane Siegel
jrs19@columbia.edu

Upcoming: Ahmed Mater Speaks About His Mecca’s Journeys

Ahmed Mater Speaks About His Mecca’s Journeys
October 22nd,  6:00-8:00PM
612 Schermerhorn Hall
Reception to follow in the Stronach Center.

Physician turned artist, Ahmed Mater is one of the most significant cultural voices documenting and scrutinising the realities of contemporary Saudi Arabia. Forging an ongoing, complex mapping of the Kingdom, his practice synthesises and documents collective memories to uncover and record unofficial histories. The temporal and physical breadths of his research-led inquiries are sharpened by the incisive gaze of his conceptual works. With this scope, Mater imagines and forecasts possible prognoses for a land of unprecedented religious, social, economic and political influence.

This event is part of the series, "Disrupting Unity and Discerning Ruptures," organized by Avinoam Shalem, Riggio Professor of the History of the Arts of Islam in the Department of Art History and Archeology. His main field of interest concerns artistic interactions in the Mediterranean basin, migration of objects, and medieval aesthetics. He has published extensively on medieval Islamic, as well as Jewish and Christian art.

New Book: Open to Reason

What does it mean to be a Muslim philosopher, or to philosophize in Islam? In Open to Reason (Columbia University Press) , Souleymane Bachir Diagne traces Muslims’ intellectual and spiritual history of examining and questioning beliefs and arguments to show how Islamic philosophy has always engaged critically with texts and ideas both inside and outside its tradition. Through a rich reading of classical and modern Muslim philosophers, Diagne explains the long history of philosophy in the Islamic world and its relevance to crucial issues of our own time.

From classical figures such as Avicenna to the twentieth-century Sufi master and teacher of tolerance Tierno Bokar Salif Tall, Diagne explores how Islamic thinkers have asked and answered such questions as Does religion need philosophy? How can religion coexist with rationalism? What does it mean to interpret a religious narrative philosophically? What does it mean to be human, and what are human beings’ responsibilities to nature? Is there such a thing as an “Islamic” state, or should Muslims reinvent political institutions that suit their own times? Diagne shows that philosophizing in Islam in its many forms throughout the centuries has meant a commitment to forward and open thinking. A remarkable history of philosophy in the Islamic world as well as a work of philosophy in its own right, this book seeks to contribute to the revival of a spirit of pluralism rooted in Muslim intellectual and spiritual traditions.

Souleymane Bachir Diagne is a professor in the departments of French and philosophy at Columbia University. His books in English include African Art as Philosophy: Senghor, Bergson, and the Idea of Negritude (2011) and The Ink of the Scholars: Reflections on Philosophy in Africa (2016).

New Book: Divine Words, Female Voices

The relationship between Islam and feminism is complex. There are many Muslim scholars who fervently promote women's equality. At the same time, there is ambivalence regarding the general norms, terminology, and approaches of feminism and feminist theology. This ambivalence is in large part a product of various hegemonic, androcentric, and patriarchal discourses that seek to dictate legitimate and authoritative interpretations. These discourses not only fuel ambivalence, they also effectively obscure valuable possibilities related to interreligious feminist engagement. 

Divine Words, Female Voices ((Oxford University Press) is the follow-up to Jerusha Rhodes's 2014 book, Never Wholly Other, in which she introduced the idea of "Muslima" theology and applied it to the topic of religious diversity. In this new book, she extends her earlier arguments to contend that interreligious feminist engagement is both a theologically valid endeavor and a vital resource for Muslim women scholars. She introduces comparative feminist theology as a method for overcoming challenges associated with interreligious feminist engagement, reorients comparative discussions to focus on the two "Divine Words" (the Qur'an and Jesus) and feminist theology, and uses this reorientation to examine intersections, discontinuities, and insights related to diverse theological topics. This book is distinctive in its responsiveness to calls for new approaches in Islamic feminist theology, its use of the method of comparative theology, its focus on Muslim and Christian feminist theology in comparative analysis, and its constructive articulation of Muslima theological perspectives.

Jerusha Rhodes is Assistant Professor of Islam and Interreligious Engagement and the Director of the Islam, Social Justice, and Interreligious Engagement Program (ISJIE) at Union Theological Seminary in New York. She is the author of Never Wholly Other: A Muslima Theology of Religious Pluralism (Oxford University Press, 2014).

New Course Proposed by CSMS Faculty Members Funded by Columbia Global Scholars Program

Course title: Critical Texts and Practices in the Study of Muslim Societies: Orientalism and Its Others to be offered in 2019 with instruction at Columbia and in Tunis, Fez and Rabat.

GSP supports curricular development and innovation for undergraduate students. GSP was successfully launched, with generous support from the President’s Office, in 2012 as a pilot program by the Weatherhead East Asian Institute. Beginning in the summer of 2012, groups of undergraduate students, competitively chosen from across all Columbia schools and disciplines, have been led by Columbia faculty on multi-week, multi-country research workshops on themes of global importance. Unlike traditional study abroad programs, GSP allows students to conduct fieldwork in one area of the world and then test their findings in additional host countries that offer new sets of variables. GSP builds on the expertise, resources, and cross-regional networks offered by Columbia’s eight Global Centers. Its aim is to help undergraduates map the globe by exploring transnational issues and applying social science research skills in a range of challenging and diverse international contexts. In 2017, it transitioned to a joint initiative between the Office of Global Programs and Columbia Global Centers.

Marwa Elshakry, Lead Faculty Director of Critical Texts and Practices in the Study of Muslim Societies: Orientalism and Its Others (Tunis, Fez, and Rabat) is Associate Professor in the Department of History at Columbia University, where she specializes in the history of science, technology, and medicine in the modern Middle East.

New Book: Shari'a Scripts: A Historical Anthropology

A case study in the textual architecture of the venerable legal and ethical tradition at the center of the Islamic experience, Sharīʿa Scripts (Columbia University Press), is a work of historical anthropology focused on Yemen in the early twentieth century. There—while colonial regimes, late Ottoman reformers, and early nationalists wrought decisive changes to the legal status of the sharīʿa, significantly narrowing its sphere of relevance—the Zaydī school of jurisprudence, rooted in highland Yemen for a millennium, still held sway.

Brinkley Messick uses the richly varied writings of the Yemeni past to offer a uniquely comprehensive view of the sharīʿa as a localized and lived phenomenon. Sharīʿa Scripts reads a wide spectrum of sources in search of a new historical-anthropological perspective on Islamic textual relations. Messick analyzes the sharīʿa as a local system of texts, distinguishing between theoretical or doctrinal juridical texts (or the “library”) and those produced by the sharīʿa courts and notarial writers (termed the “archive”). Attending to textual form, he closely examines representative books of madrasa instruction; formal opinion-giving by muftis and imams; the structure of court judgments; and the drafting of contracts. Messick’s intensive readings of texts are supplemented by retrospective ethnography and oral history based on extensive field research. Further, the book ventures a major methodological contribution by confronting anthropology’s longstanding reliance upon the observational and the colloquial. Presenting a new understanding of Islamic legal history, Sharīʿa Scripts is a groundbreaking examination of the interpretative range and historical insights offered by the anthropologist as reader.

Brinkley Messick is Professor of Anthropology and Middle Eastern, South Asian, and African studies as well as the director of the Middle East Institute at Columbia University. He is the author of The Calligraphic State: Textual Domination and History in a Muslim Society (1993) and a coeditor of Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and Their Fatwas (1996).